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  • Abdominal enlargement is not unusual in dogs. It can occur with obesity but there are many other causes. For example, redistribution of fat into the abdominal cavity may occur with Cushing's syndrome (hyperadrenocorticism).

  • Acepromazine is used as a sedative and a preanaesthetic agent. Acepromazine may also be used for behaviour modification and to prevent vomiting when travelling (motion sickness). Acepromazine…

  • Aciclovir is an antiviral drug. It is used to treat viral conditions affecting the eyes such as conjunctivitis. This drug is not available as a veterinary preparation. Your veterinary surgeon…

  • Ademetionine is used in the treatment of chronic liver (hepatic) problems. It helps the liver cells to function normally and reduces fibrosis of the liver. Animals with liver failure have a…

  • These notes are provided to help you understand the diagnosis or possible diagnosis of cancer in your pet. For general information on cancer in pets ask for our handout "What is…

  • The adrenal glands are closely associated with the kidneys. Each has a central medulla which is approximately one fifth of the total size of the gland and produces adrenalin, the so-called 'emergency hormone'.

  • Allopurinol is used in the treatment of urate stones (calculi, uroliths) affecting the urinary system. Your veterinary surgeon may also prescribe a special diet and medication to change the pH…

  • Aminophylline or Theophylline is used to relieve cough, wheezing, shortness of breath and troubled breathing. The medication works by opening up the air passages of the lungs and increasing…

  • Amitriptyline has been prescribed to treat separation anxiety in your dog or to treat excessive grooming, urine spraying and anxiety in cats. Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant.…

  • Anabolic steroids stimulate appetite, increase muscle mass, increase skin thickness, and increase production of red blood cells. They are used as an additional treatment in chronic kidney…